Li Weiguo, director of the Department of Agricultural Mechanization Management of the Ministry of Agriculture, stated on the 16th that he will strive to achieve a comprehensive mechanization level of more than 78% of the national rice cultivation and harvest by 2020.
“Strive to maintain the mechanization level of rice farming and land preparation at more than 95%, planting mechanization level of more than 50%, and harvesting mechanization level of more than 85% in five years.” Said.
According to Li Weiguo, in terms of mechanized rice cultivation and harvesting, various rice regions across the country are currently in a state of competition for development. The northern rice area started early and the overall level is high. The mechanical planting level of rice reaches 79.2%, which is 40% higher than the national average. The first-season rice area in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River has a good economic foundation, with a rice harvesting mechanization level of 93.5%. Although the southern double-cropping rice area started late, it has a greater pace to catch up.
Take transplanting seedlings as an example. Compared with manual transplanting, mechanical transplanting brings many benefits. “The seedling transplanting speed of the rice transplanter is dozens of times that of manual seedling transplanting, and the damage to the seedlings during the seedling transplanting process is also small. The most important thing is that it can greatly reduce our labor costs, save time, and rob farm hours.” Yueyang City, Hunan Province Tu Yuwen, a large planter at Quyuan Farm, told reporters that the cost of hiring someone to plant rice seedlings for a day is about 200 yuan. Even so, people can only plant two or three acres a day, while the rice transplanter can plant dozens of acres a day. The cost is basically negligible.
According to reports, the comprehensive mechanization level of rice farming and harvesting nationwide in 2014 was about 73%, an increase of 1 percentage point over the previous year. The development goal of reaching 70% at the end of the “12th Five-Year Plan” period was achieved ahead of schedule, which is the “11th consecutive increase” in my country’s grain production. Made a positive contribution.
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